POETICS OF UKRAINIAN MUSICAL FOLKLORE
Ключові слова:«poetics», «folklore», «historical folklore»
The article will determine the peculiarities of the poetics of Ukrainian musical folklore as a source of popular perception of history and everyday life, necessary for transmission to the next generation. The study showed that the song images of history and everyday life created by the people are endowed with high artistic qualities and documentary persuasiveness, which makes them effective translators of the wisdom of ancestors to future generations. The research was done sequentially. Based on the study of special literature, it was found that in musical ethnography the term «poetics» came from literary studies and was initially applied to the phenomena of professional art. The poetics of folklore began to be considered from the 19th century, and at the present time it has become very extensive. Poetics can refer to certain genera, genres of folklore, typical images. Peculiarities of the poetics of Ukrainian musical folklore lie in the informational capacity of verbal texts, the emotionality of which is enhanced by music. The poetics of folklore tends towards generalization. Reality is depicted as a historical or everyday background against which the activities of idealized heroes unfold.
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